Q Enumerate some reasons of decline of Delhi sultanate.
Ans: The Delhi Sultanate period extended from 1206 A.D. to 1526 A.D. for almost 320 years. The administration was based on Islamic laws (Sharia) and state was theocratic and military in nature. Though they were powerful but due to their shortcomings Delhi Sultanate was declined, Such as:
The disintegration of the Delhi Sultanate had begun during the Tughluq period.
The invasion of Timur and the incompetent and intolerant nature of some of the Sayyid and Lodi rulers led to the collapsing of the Delhi Sultanate.
The rulers of the Vijayanagar and Bahmani Kingdom in the South were the first to break free from Delhi.
Babur ended the Lodi Dynasty by defeating Ibrahim Lodi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 A.D., which brought the downfall of the Delhi Sultanate in India.
· Moreover, the rulers of Delhi Sultanate came in power with the help of sword and army, so there was no definite law of succession.
· Military strength was the main factor in succession to the throne, which later gave birth to political instability.
· Nobles were very powerful and act as king makers who controlled the weak sultans.
· Iqtadari, Zamindari and Jagirdari system led to the disintegration of Delhi Sultanate.
The above mentioned situations are the major cause for the downfall of the Delhi Sultanate