Q. Essay On: Affirmative Policing Reformations.
Police forces are the spine of a civil society, they enforce the laws in the society & the purpose of law enforcement in a free society is to promote public safety and uphold the rule of law so that individual liberty may flourish. Police reformation program aims to improve and strengthen the authority and power of every police in the country beginning from constables to Director General of police, To bring an affirmative change in the policing the negative aspect of policing needs to be marked, Indian police are often characterized by brutality, torture, partiality, illegal arrest and detention, corruption and abuse of due process. So police reformation is too much important to improve policing and focus on long term structural changes to policing as well, particularly police accountability, transparency and performance.
Some affirmative reformation which has already been taken by the Govt., Such as in the last police reform of India it mainly focused on the improvement of the situation of overburdened police force. State police force had 27% vacancies in 2016 and the sanctioned police strength was approx 180 per lakh but actual strength was less than 130 per lakh population. Govt. tried to address this problem but still it is unchanged. Past police reform had also focused to improve police infrastructure especially in the states like Bihar, Rajasthan, and West Bengal as these states were suffering from a shortage of adequate weapons and had a noted deficiency in stock of required vehicles.
Routine Training Police has the power to investigate crimes, enforce laws and maintain social order in the state. To ensure such power is only used for legitimate purpose policing system has to be accountable. In India political executives and appropriate authority has the power of superintendence and control over the police force to ensure accountability. Despite of these, over-viewing the present scenario of policing many other positive reformations has to bring in.
Police force being the backbone of any civil society, should have their foremost duty is to gain trust of citizen, because if there is no regard for the police there can be a chance of civil war. Thus the Indian police force is lacking at many fronts and needs rejuvenation in order to cope up with the fast growing crimes in the country. Some major problems & challenges which need to be addressed are:
Ø Police being a part of executives is not free from political interference. Politicization of police force and taking undue advantages out of those powers, that has to be addressed through effective police reforms.
Ø Internal management systems in police administration are not transparent, free and reasonable; they are sometimes arbitrary. Thus transparent internal management has to be developed, especially in terms of transfers and promotions.
Ø Police complaint authority has to be established as public complaints are not addressed properly, there is a huge gap between rates of crimes committed and lodged FIR.
Ø Police accountability has to be developed as it has become a major issue, especially with respect of fake encounters, custodial death etc.
Ø Broad detailed guidelines have to be provided for effective and smooth functioning.
Ø Quality of investigation has to be developed through proper training and use of technology. More importantly adequate equipments, weapons, vehicles are required for strong and effective policing.
Ø Improvement in co-ordination between internal departments will stop delay in investigation of cases.
Ø Police training standards needs up gradation considering the use of modern technology and equipment.
Ø To improve efficiency of policing workload has to be reduced through routine recruitment every year.
Although there are many ways in which the system can be transformed but one of the major problems which needs attention is the area of capacity building through technology and tackling crime and investigation through new technologies like the west has done it.
Firstly one of the major problem is with the capacity of the police force which is very less there are many states and union territories which have large number of vacancies at different levels. In order to tackle the problem of capacity and effectiveness government has to locate the number of crimes in a particular locality and help the department transfer the best trained personnel to those areas. In this way, area-wise crime reports studied and analyzed and thus the counter-plan for eliminating crime is prepared.
Improvement in the Information Technology infrastructure will help the investigating department to tackle the crimes in a much more simpler and easy manner. The creation of IT infrastructure would help in tracking cases to tackle delays which lead to mounting pendency. Investment in management techniques, building criminal databases would help reduce the crime rate at a very fast pace.
Also one of the other important areas which need change is the complaints against police officers and their investigation, these should be done by independent bodies which have no political as well as police interference only the crime against innocent citizens would reduce. Because the departmental investigation and proceedings are biased and partial in some way or the other there is need for the independent statutory authority which is capable of conducting investigations in complaint against police and also has penalizing power of suspending or removing an officer for misconduct.
Finally we can say, to promote public safety and uphold rule of law proper policing is the only way out. Thus to improve and strengthen the police force ,police reform is very important .As it also maintains quality, efficiency and effectiveness of implementation of law and order in the society. It’s high time; we should also mend our ways and start giving real respect to the police and Indian police should take care of Indian citizen better.